Thursday, August 27, 2020
The Power of Winning Even When it would seem that YouÃ¢â¬â¢re Losing Serious nature I was a delayed prodigy when it went to the on-line Scrabble game Words with Friends, some way or another not finding the game until the previous fall. As anyone might expect, I was quickly snared. As of this composition, IÃ¢â¬â¢ve played 136 games, 105 of which I won, 30 of which I lost, and 1 of which I tied (that was my 15-year-old intelligent nephew). IÃ¢â¬â¢m a serious individual, and have been since playing backgammon with my father at a youthful age. He could never allow me to win. I like to play to win, and anticipate that others should do likewise. At the point when I initially began playing Words with Friends, I lost around one out of each three games. At that point I found the Word Strength apparatus that lets me know whether IÃ¢â¬â¢ve found the most noteworthy conceivable scoring word. That kicked my degree of playing (and my normal word score) up a couple of indents. I generally endeavor to distinguish that high-scoring word, regardless of whether I donÃ¢â¬â¢t wind up playing it. On the off chance that I donÃ¢â¬â¢t discover it, I feel crushed. Enticed to stop? I have gotten the hang of something important to me as a contender: I donÃ¢â¬â¢t like to stop. Not finding the most elevated scoring word wants to stop. In the event that IÃ¢â¬â¢m losing a game, I make another game for myself to attempt to close the hole. Now and again I succeed. IÃ¢â¬â¢ll disclose to you a certain something: I have never surrendered a game in light of the fact that my rival played a 100+ point word, or on the grounds that I was behind by 100, or for some other explanation. I will consistently complete my games, and in the event that I lose, I lose true to form. Indeed, as much as I donÃ¢â¬â¢t like to lose, winning constantly is practically more regrettable. At a certain point I amassed a 34-game series of wins and really grumbled about it. What was the purpose of playing on the off chance that I generally won? I am inspired by challenge. I will continue playing somebody who beats me unfailingly, on the grounds that one day I will win and I will feel wonderful about that. Not every person resembles me. I had one rival a week ago who beat me two games in succession. I was celebrating having a commendable rival and was eager to continue playing with her; at that point when I began to beat her by a noteworthy edge in our third game, she suddenly surrendered. Essentially, another adversary who pulled out ahead from the get-go in our game surrendered when I overwhelmed her by changing her statement, AZINE, into HYDRAZINE on a triple-word score. What befell the adventure of the battle? I imparted my experience to my stylist and she informed me regarding a companion who began an opposition among her companions with respect to who could make the most strides in a day. At the point when her companion felt wiped out the principal morning of the test, she quit the entire thing. She was that reluctant to lose, or to make a solid effort to fight against eminent loss. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve knew about individuals who quit while theyÃ¢â¬â¢re ahead, which to me implies expanding on your successes and not releasing yourself stale. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve as of late heard this called Ã¢â¬Å"flipping on the upÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ making a solid move when youÃ¢â¬â¢re at a top to intensify your prosperity. Be that as it may, stopping when you begin to fall behind is, to me, an indication of somebody who isn't happy to feel harmed or to battle through the extreme occasions. Setting yourself up for a rebound In sports, rebounds are the most exciting stories. You may review the 2004 Boston Red Sox, the main group at any point to return from a 0-3 record in the American League Championship-and to then secure the World Series in a scope. This was their first World Series win in quite a while. Also, in the resume composing world, probably the most remarkable projectiles are the ones that report a turnaround. Somebody who pulled an organization, an office or a group out of a droop is a significant individual to have around. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s an individual who doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t let awful news get them down. From what I can tell, the most ideal approach to remain propelled to win when youÃ¢â¬â¢re losing is to accept itÃ¢â¬â¢s conceivable to win-and while thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a genuine chance of losing. Persuading yourself thereÃ¢â¬â¢s no chance youÃ¢â¬â¢ll win won't inspire you, and thinking youÃ¢â¬â¢ll consistently win will likewise not propel you. Studies show that groups who are somewhat behind are in reality bound to win than the ones marginally ahead. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s where the chance of winning is genuine, as is the chance of losing. That edge is the thing that gets the adrenaline moving and drives individuals into high rigging. How would you react when you begin falling behind? Do you quit while youÃ¢â¬â¢re ahead and utilize your prosperity to arrive at your next objective, or do you quit when you figure you will lose? How does this appear in your life? Welcome me SoÃ¢â¬ ¦ Who needs to play Words with Friends with me? Welcome me at brandyesq.
Posted by Hung Ingram at 9:53 PM
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Choices will be decisions between at least two options in contrast to an issue and are as a rule in type of judgments, understandings, or presentations (Le Baron, 2007). Adler (1998) declares that choices can be discoveries and genuine and can likewise be considered as judgment or assessment of administering. Dynamic conduct similarly as with other conduct is influenced by different components, boss among them the social direction of a person. The way to deal with dynamic in a socially assorted group may decide if a group succeeds or not. The comprehension of the commitment and impact of national culture on dynamic among people is a vital factor in overseeing worldwide associations. Thusly, pioneers of socially different groups require a comprehension of the teamÃ¢â¬â¢s social elements so as to settle on successful choices and to oversee for powerful group the executives. Beneath, the procedure of dynamic and the methodology in dynamic for supervisors of multi social groups will be taken a gander at. Reasons regarding why chiefs of various social areas are probably going to settle on various choices for their groups will likewise be distinguished. At long last, the positive and negative impacts of social contrasts on everyday life will be talked about. A social edge of reference is significant in settling on choices for a multicultural different group for different reasons. Singular dynamic as a rule follows an example of issue acknowledgment and definition, assessment of arrangements dependent on specific measures, designation of weight to the rules, creating options, assessing options and choice of the best other option (Adler, 1998). At each phase of dynamic, culture may impact the procedure of dynamic. For instance, in the difficult acknowledgment stage, people may either perceive issues at various occasions, decided to acknowledge the issue or explain it. At the data search stage, while some may utilize an observational research or actuality arranged methodology, others will settle on an instinctive methodology. At the options stage, future situated people would create more other options. Thus, different convictions, for example, the recognitions on the capacity of grown-ups to change or not to change will impact the choices of a person. A few factors in decision settling on that may impact dynamic incorporate view of hazard, the leader, speed of dynamic and the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s character as either scholars or antennas. At long last, at the usage stage, the choice will again be affected on how quick it is made, regardless of whether it is participative or socially bound (Edward, 1998). The above impacts in dynamic as controlled by different social directions have been clarified by different analysts. Hofstede distinguished five social measurements that affected dynamic and they incorporate independence versus community, which recognizes how much individuals in a country like to go about as people to gatherings, vulnerability shirking, which discloses the degree to which people like to keep away from vulnerability in future in this way leaning toward organized circumstance s with tight guidelines. Others incorporate manliness versus feminity, with social orders high on manliness esteeming decisiveness, rivalry and achievement and those with high incentive for feminity excited about looking after connections, personal satisfaction, thinking about the powerless, etc. At last, different impacts were apparent relying upon the perspectives, for example, inclination for momentary triumphs when contrasted with long time allotments and perseverance. Trompenaars distinguished independence versus communitarians, which is like Hofstedes individual versus aggregate measurement. A comprehension of social orders that display different measurements will offer a social casing of reference along these lines empowering compelling dynamic for administrators of multicultural associations. Dynamic in a multicultural association has a few preferences and detriments for an association. Among the favorable circumstances, a multicultural association has less probabilities of encountering bunch think. Mindless obedience is recognized where people having comparative societies are confronted with hallucinations of insusceptibility, figments of ethical quality, pressure for similarity, and generalizing, self restriction among different attributes that are probably going to influence an association adversely. Other negative impacts of multicultural dynamic are immediate versus backhanded correspondence (Edward, 1998). A lady who was working for a U. S organization in its Japanese office, which was checking programming, discovered a slip-up and messaged a warning to her chief and her three Japanese interfaces in Japan, therefore they lost so much face. Another distinction comes when there is a varying demeanor toward chain of command and authority, In a various leveled culture like IndiaÃ¢â¬â¢s, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a ton of concession to senior individuals, either by age or level in the association. For example, Indians builds in multicultural groups happens to see Americans trading words with the group drove or with by more established individuals, and they are socially not open to doing that, so the group passes them by and everybody loses (Le Baron, 2007). The third negative viewpoint is issue with complement and familiarity. At the point when colleagues have accents or need accents or jargon in the language of the group, frequently they are hesitant to shout out on their subject matters (Lederach and John, 1995). For instance, individuals who are not lenient of accents donÃ¢â¬â¢t hear them out that create a self-fortifying disgrace, they become hesitant to talk lastly the group loses their ability (Edward, 1998). Points of interest that a multicultural various association may encounter incorporate new ways to deal with critical thinking, various edges of reference, and various degrees of investigation, capacity to mix in instinctive and experimental data in this way prompting better choices. Other constructive outcomes of social contrasts incorporate securing social information on various social gatherings and impact every one of our parts of our lives by learning their great side of culture. Lethargic gathering individuals become dynamic if there should be an occurrence of cooperative choice creation process (Le Baron, 2007). Administrators are additionally ready to know their gathering individuals characteristics in dynamic and critical thinking (Lederach and John Paul, 1995). The explanation with respect to why an American chief is probably going to settle on various choices for their groups than an Asian head is because of social foundation and contrasts in dynamic (Le Baron, 2007). Judiciousness is a significant reason for distinction among Asians and Americans, an American supervisor may settle on an essential choice instinctively, however the individual in question realizes that it is imperative to continue in a sound manner. This is on the grounds that soundness is exceptionally esteemed in the west (Le Baron, 2007). In nations, for example, Iran, where judiciousness isn't resisted, endeavors to seem sane are a bit much. The other reason for contrast is on the grounds that dynamic in Asia is more gathering focused than in the United States. Asians esteem similarity and participation, consequently, their directors settle on a significant choice, they gather a lot of data, which is then utilized in consensusÃ¢â¬forming collective choice. References Adler, N. J. , (2008). Global elements of authoritative conduct. Cincinnati, OH: South-Western College Publishing. Edward T. (1998). Past Culture. , New York: Doubleday distributers. Le Baron, T. (2007). Struggle and culture. The executives of multicultural groups Lederach, D. and John, P. (1995). Getting ready for Peace. Strife Transformation across Cultures. New York: Syracuse University Press.
Posted by Hung Ingram at 1:20 PM
Friday, August 21, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"The Company of WolvesÃ¢â¬ by Angela Carter follows the story line of the great childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s fantasy Ã¢â¬Å"Little Red Riding HoodÃ¢â¬ which is known all around in the western world. In spite of the connection between the two stories, Ã¢â¬Å"The Company of WolvesÃ¢â¬ has cleverly been composed with a frightful air and unexpected developments to draw in the peruser. Reexamined into a gothic dream, the story features Red Riding HoodÃ¢â¬â¢s guiltlessness and utilizations the Wolf as an allegory for men to situate the peruser to respond uniquely in contrast to the exemplary fantasy. We will compose a custom exposition test on The Company of Wolves or then again any comparable theme just for you Request Now It gets clear to the peruser that the story depends on the notable fantasy Ã¢â¬ËLittle Red Riding HoodÃ¢â¬â¢ yet Carter has contorted the blameless childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s story into an extreme gothic dream which positions the peruser to get a handle on a more noteworthy comprehension of the occasions paving the way to the peak and the foundation when all is said in done. The beautician decisions of enchantment authenticity contrast from the great meaning of imagination on the grounds that sensible systems of this present reality are curved with the extraordinary bringing about lethal, twisted or ruthless circumstances; in this occurrence Red Riding Hood taking part in sexual acts with the Wolf. From the earliest starting point the peruser is completely mindful of the complex decision of gothic dream, Ã¢â¬Å"One mammoth and just a single monster yells in the forested areas by nightÃ¢â¬ is run of the mill of gothic stories as woods are generally depicted as a risky and a restricting setting, yet in addition gives accentuation through reiteration of Ã¢â¬Ëone beastÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëonly oneÃ¢â¬â¢ to draw the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s consideration onto the way that the Wolf is significant and assumes a critical job in the story. A typical part of gothic stories is winter which is the setting of the story, as appeared through appropriation of the words Ã¢â¬ËsnowÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËChristmasÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËRobinÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËblizzardÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËcoldÃ¢â¬â¢ all through the story which are exemplary meanings comparative with the season. The elaborate decision made via Carter corresponding to the exemplary pixie style makes a shocking climate and positions the peruser to address in the event that they truly know the plot of the story. Minimal Red Riding Hood is depicted as an honest young lady in the great fantasy which is helped through into Carters variant with a couple of turns. At first Little RedÃ¢â¬â¢s honesty is unmistakably characterized as her virginal status is portrayed utilizing allegories as Ã¢â¬ËShe is a solid egg; she is a fixed vesselÃ¢â¬â¢ and her physical appearance takes after that of a young lady Ã¢â¬Ëhair like build up, pale brow, red cheeksÃ¢â¬â¢. Since she has Ã¢â¬Ëstarted her womanÃ¢â¬â¢s bleedingÃ¢â¬â¢ it is sheltered to expect that her shawl is emblematic to speaks to simply that or her honesty as she nters this time of her life. As the story advances Little Red doesn't stop for a second to hand over her bushel when Ã¢â¬Ëhe [the Wolf] offered to convey her basketÃ¢â¬â¢, expecting the container is an image used to speaks to her virginity this scene outlines how uneducated young ladies in this period were about sex and the hazard it presented to them. Minimal Red isn't r eluctant about giving over her bushel since she has no idea about what the Wolf is doing, despite the fact that she doesn't have the foggiest idea what was going to happen to her he unquestionably does. At this particular point in the story the peruser is situated to reconsider the guiltlessness of the young lady, addressing whether the wolf is exploiting her or whether she realizes what she needs. Concerning RedÃ¢â¬â¢s shawl speaking to her guiltlessness, approaching the finish of the story the Wolf shouts in answer to her requesting that what do with it decision of word usage, Ã¢â¬Å"Throw it into the fire, darling. You wonÃ¢â¬â¢t need it again,Ã¢â¬ unmistakably recognizes that he has taken her guiltlessness and virginity and that its absolutely impossible for it to be turned around; Ã¢â¬ËfireÃ¢â¬â¢ speaking to an irreversible doing. The honesty of Little Red has definitely been removed and no long exists to the peruser, the peruser will not, at this point have the option to peruse the first form without the steady token of Little RedÃ¢â¬â¢s disintegration of blamelessness in Carters variant. Carter, being a great women's activist, has molded the Wolf into a representation of the negative side to men. To start Ã¢â¬ËOne monster and just a single brute yells in the woodsÃ¢â¬â¢, in especially the reiteration of Ã¢â¬ËoneÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëonly oneÃ¢â¬â¢ gives accentuation upon the way that there is just one wolf and that he is a significant resource for the story, maybe the way that the story couldn't work without this male character which makes him significant and prevailing. Carter has utilized this to reflect her assessment that men, or a few men, have an outlook that a womenÃ¢â¬â¢s life couldn't work without them. The wolf rushes to Ã¢â¬Ëoffer[ered] to convey her basketÃ¢â¬â¢, which is an image of her virginity. These activities show Carters assessment on men figuring they can rule ladies particularly since the Wolf knew precisely what he was doing comparative with Little Red who was neglectful of his activities since she is uneducated on sex. The Wolf is passed on by the peruser as a horrendous sexual stalker out to guarantee youthful girlÃ¢â¬â¢s virginity, which positions them to feel thoughtful for Little Red who speaks to ladies. The dominancy of the Wolf taking the young ladies virginity is sought after close to the finish of the story as the Wolf arranges her to, Ã¢â¬Å"Throw it [shawl] on the fire, darling. You wonÃ¢â¬â¢t need it again,Ã¢â¬ which is noteworthy in light of the fact that the shawl speaks to her virginity which has now been scorched. The expression of the expression Ã¢â¬Ëdear oneÃ¢â¬â¢ is compelling on the grounds that it shows how a man can profess to think about a young ladies sentiments and be sweet so as to control her into planning something for his favorable position. By this point in the story the peruser has been situated to see the Wolf uniquely in contrast to the one that gets murdered in the conventional story to a prevailing male character who has no regard for Little Red. When the peruser has perused Ã¢â¬Å"The Company of WolvesÃ¢â¬ they unquestionably wonÃ¢â¬â¢t have the option to see the great Ã¢â¬Å"Little Red Riding HoodÃ¢â¬ in a similar light once more. Reevaluated into a gothic dream, the story features Red Riding HoodÃ¢â¬â¢s guiltlessness and utilizations the Wolf as an illustration for men to situate the peruser to respond uniquely in contrast to the great fantasy. The story anyway doesn't really have just negative results since it could make the peruser to contemplate how different characters in various fantasies have been depicted and how they can challenge the desires they have been put in. Instructions to refer to The Company of Wolves, Essay models
Posted by Hung Ingram at 11:02 AM
Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Emily Bronte will forever be known for the infamous romance of Heathcliff and Catherine in Wuthering Heights. Not many couples can boast such a tumultuous and violent relationship, or of such passion and devotion. Catherine and Heathcliff share a bond that reaches deeper than a physical attraction. From their childhood until their deaths, their lives revolve around the other. Their preoccupation with each other does not represent the loving nature of most relationships; in fact, it often exhibits animosity and resentment. Their equally passionate and emotional personalities often clash, and lead to an obsession with getting revenge for each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s many acts of rejection and heartlessness. One begins to wonder while reading how theirÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Even though she loves Linton, she knows they do not have the same connection as she and Heathcliff share, and she has Ã¢â¬Å"no more business to marry Edgar Linton than [she has] to be in heavenÃ¢â¬ (Bronte 102). Y et at the same time, she feels Heathcliff is beneath her. She claims that Ã¢â¬Å"every Linton on the face of the earth might melt into nothing before [she] could consent to forsake HeathcliffÃ¢â¬ , yet in accepting LintonÃ¢â¬â¢s marriage proposal, she has already forsaken him (Bronte 103). Her own selfish desire to have Linton, yet keep Heathcliff too is only given consideration; Catherine decision making process shows her Ã¢â¬Å"Pathologically egotisticalÃ¢â¬ nature. Her Ã¢â¬Å"self-obsession isÃ¢â¬ ¦more potent than the ordinary self-centredness of the youngÃ¢â¬ , and not once does she stop to reflect on how her marriage will affect Heathcliff (Thormahlen). Little did she realize how major an offense to his pride it would be. In anger, he runs away from Wuthering Heights, to change himself into someone more acceptable to Catherine, and stays away for three years. While over those years Heathcliff changed considerably in aspect, he still possessed the same Ã¢â¬Å"fierce, pitiless, wolfishÃ¢â¬ qualities of his youth (Bronte 131). Catherine is delighted by his reappearance, but his motives are not as pure as she initially guessed. He did not return merely to see Catherine again, but to exact revenge on her, a repayment for the heartbreak she caused himShow MoreRelatedEssay on Wuthering Heights Conflict Analysis994 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn Wuthering Heights by Emily BrontÃ «, revenge is one of the most prominent themes within the novel. This theme plays into a recurring literary theme of the war between passion and responsibility, seen specifically within BrontÃ «Ã¢â¬â¢s character Heathcliff. In this case, HeathcliffÃ¢â¬â¢s passion is his overwhelming desire for revenge on the Earnshaw and Linton families in order to gain what he believes is rightfully his. With his mind solely focused on seeking vengeance on those who have hurt him, HeathcliffRead More A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream by William Shakespeare1029 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesShak espearian comedy where passion is a significant theme. It is perceived in a variety of ways such as passion for revenge, recognition, and for love, which have the potential to blur the lines between the levels of social hierarchy. Shakespeare uses a variety of characters such as Helena, Nick Bottom, and Oberon to express the theme of passion and its significance in the play. Helena represents the passion for love in this text, as she runs after Demetrius into a forest seeking love between them, evenRead MoreEssay on The Evil Character Medea in Euripides Medea585 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pageshusbands safety. At the peak of the reading, she becomes a murderous villain that demands respect and even some sympathy. By the end, the husband and wife are left devoid of love and purpose as the tragedy closes. In Medea, a woman betrays her homeland because of her love for a man. Jason is the husband that she ferociously loves and makes sacrifices for. They have two children together: Antigone and Ismeme. In Jasons quest for the golden fleece, Medea assists him in multiple ways. One of the thingsRead MoreLife Of Pi Character Analysis819 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesupon Piscine Molitor PatelÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Piscine Molitor Patel was very passionate about a lot of things such as zoology, science and religion. These passions sometimes brought him into conflict as his love for religion resulted in him practicing Hinduism, Christianity, and Hinduism at the same time. To Pi, this was no problem as he was simply showing his love for god however, to his parents and religious leaders, this was not okay and he is chased away from all the temples, churches, and mosques in hisRead More The Power of Love in Wuthering Heights Essay1404 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespurpose and promoted ideals of love and brotherhood. W uthering Heights is more of a Victorian Gothic novel; it contains passion, violence, and supernatural elements (Mitchell 119). The world of Wuthering Heights seems to be a world without morals. In Wuthering Heights, BrontÃ « does not idealize love; she presents it realistically, with all its faults and merits. She shows that love is a powerful force which can be destructive or redemptive. Heathcliff has an all-consuming passion for Catherine. When sheRead MoreHamlet- Shakespeare dramatises the tension between Passion and Reason1413 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿SHAKESPEARE DRAMATISES THE TENSION BETWEEN PASSION AND REASON IN HAMLET TO WHAT EXTENT DOES THIS VIEW SUPPORT YOUR UNDERSTANDING OF THE PLAY Acts of passion and acts of reason can be differentiated by a sense of underlying tension, ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËHamletÃ¢â¬â¢ published in 1601 explores these universal ideologies by dramatizing this underlying tension. Ã¢â¬ËHamletÃ¢â¬â¢ presents challenging representations of the traditional values of passion and reason through their varying forms. The representation of theseRead More Wuthering Heights- Is Heathcliff a man or a devil? Essay1712 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWuthering Heights- Is Heathcliff a man or a devil? Wuthering Heights was written by Emily BrontÃ « and was first published in 1847, it was written during the romantic period, it is a story of love, lust and sorrow all held together by extreme passion, love and hate. One of the main characters in the book Wuthering Heights is Heathcliff, he was a orphan who lived in Liverpool, we find very little about Heathcliffs past before he is adopted by the Earnshaws, which makes Heathcliff aRead MoreWuthering Heights By Emily Bronte1193 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthinking about the possible consequences. The main theme of this gothic romance novel is passion. The strong emotions such as love, hate, and desire that Catherine and Heathcliff feel for each other and the people around them controls their actions and makes their behaviour excessive, driving the story forward and generating action in the novel. The character depicted as most passionate is Heathcliff. His passion is dark and vengeful. Adopted into the Earnshaw family as a child, he grew up with CatherineRead MoreHeathcliffs Personality in Wuthering Heights Essay1027 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesshedding a tear. Heathcliffs dominant will was being fed by Mr. Earnshaws favouritism, when he dies this changes, Heathcliff then suffers the tyranny of Hindley. From this point on, the revenge theme begins in the novel. Heathcliffs recollection of the Grange in Chapter 6 is tied this first inkling of revenge, If I might have the privilege of flinging Joseph off the highest gale and painting the housefront with Hindleys blood. Heathcliffs language at the Grange, indicated a malevolentRead MoreClaudius Character Analysis858 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmost popular plays ever written. Claudius causes a war between passion and responsibility when he murders the father of Hamlet, the main character, and then marries Hamlets mother Gertrude. Claudius killed Hamlets father and then married Gertrude only so he could take the crown and become King. Claudius put passion in front of his responsibilities as Hamlets uncle and as a result of ClaudiusÃ¢â¬â¢ actions, Hamlet is forced to find revenge on him for the murder of his father and marriage of his mom.
Posted by Hung Ingram at 6:37 AM
Friday, May 15, 2020
Macbeth a play written by William Shakespeare in the 17th century shows the unexpected happens when it is least expected. In the beginning of Macbeth, Lady Macbeth is stronger and more ruthless then her husband Macbeth because her only interested in gaining power. She plans and executes a death with little remorse. Macbeth is soft, kind, loyal and initially has a conscience. Over time, Macbeths character takes a turn for the worse. He goes from the scared man that he first was into an evil man. Both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth become the people that the reader least expects them to be. In the beginning of the play Lady Macbeth is much more ruthless but throughout the play this changes and Macbeth becomes even more ruthless then LadyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Macbeth gets afraid and very angry so he leaves the table. Lady Macbeth goes after her husband to get him to go back to the table and be a good host so that no one has suspicions. When Macbeth comes back he sees Banquos ghost. Macbeth turns pale after seeing the ghost and shouts at it telling it to leave. He is the only one that can see the ghost and everyone at the table thinks that Macbeth has gone mad. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are switching places he is now the one acting of control and she is the one that is not crazy. The killing of Banquo is the beginning of Macbeth becoming a ruthless Tyrant and Lady Macbeth beginning to feel some remorse as she keeps seeing the blood of Duncan on her hands. As the play goes on Macbeth becomes more and more tyrannical and Lady Macbeth goes more and more insane. The next victims of Macbeth are different because he had a good reason to kill Duncan and Banquo. Duncan is killed so Macbeth can take his place, as King and Banquo knows about the witchesÃ¢â¬â¢ predictions, so he is a threat to Macbeth and his throne because the witches predicted that, Ã¢â¬Å"Thou shalt get kings, though thou be none.Ã¢â¬ (1iii) Macbeth has no reason to kill MacduffÃ¢â¬â¢s family except for revenge on Macduff for going to England to meet the king. Macbeth had been told by the witches to beware Macduff (IVi), he wanted Macduff out of the way. So Macbeth sent hisShow MoreRelatedMacbeth864 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesillustrating the characters. In the play, Macbeth, written by William Shakespeare, the characters of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are developed through the use of clothing, sleep, and blood imagery. Through the use of clothing imagery, Shakespeare exposes and develops the character of Macbeth. In the beginning, Macbeth is seen as loyal soldier of King Duncan. When presented with the title of Thane of Cawdor, he says Why do you dress me/ In borrowed robes (I.iii.115). This changes, however after theRead MoreThe Tragic Hero Of Macbeth By William Shakespeare1724 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWilliam Shakespeare s play Macbeth. The play is about a hero who reaches a high position in the play and then falls because of his choices. Macbeth is a tragic hero according to Aristotle s aspects that make a tragedy. Macbeth is neither a villain nor a perfect character, he appears in the play in a high stature, he starts to make multiple mistakes and due to his actions, he causes his downfall. First of all, Macbeth is neither a villain nor a perfect hero in the play. According to Aristotle s theoryRead MoreMacbeth Appearance Vs Reality1747 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWilliam Shakespeare may have an answer in his play, Macbeth. The way individuals follow-up (act) on the outside and who they truly are within might be two entirely unexpected things. Some may change since they feel they do not fit in while others put on a show to be someone they are not. Regardless of which way one looks at it, if an individual attempt to be someone he is not, his reality will eventually show up at last. This is precisely what occurs in William Shakespeare s play, Macbeth. Via MacbethRead MoreMacbeth : Lightness And Darkness988 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMuratovic Mr. Tice Honors English 2 6 March 2017 Macbeth Essay: Lightness and Darkness Is the lightness and darkness combination, implemented by Shakespeare in the play The Tragedy of Macbeth, foreshadowing MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s downfall? As many can identify conspicuous examples of light and darkness through characterization, the play has many hidden foreshadowing signifiers. Although many overlook the imagery created through the light and darkness in Macbeth, Shakespeare places these examples strategically to makeRead MoreMacbeth Final Soliloquy828 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMan s natural ambition is to thrive and achieve power. This ambition tends to be realized through wealth, relationships, social class, or faith. Ultimately, the goal to succeed is simply reflective of the underlying desire to justify one s existence. Without justification, life becomes meaningless and one becomes numb to the world that surrounds. This numbness is what depresses humans of essential emotions and commonly leads to suicide. In Act V., Scene V., lines 20-31, Macbeth s final soliloquyRead MoreA mbition and Death - the Story of the Renaissance in Macbeth1189 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRenaissance in Macbeth In the tragic drama Macbeth, written by William Shakespeare in 1606 during the English Renaissance, the hero, Macbeth, constantly declines in his level of morality until his death at the end of the play. Because of his change of character from good to evil, Macbeth s attitude towards other characters, specifically Duncan, Banquo, Lady Macbeth, and the witches, is significantly affected. In a larger sense, the theme of bad versus good kingship, embodied by Macbeth and DuncanRead MoreRespect and Sympathy in Macbeths Soliloquies Essay941 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Macbeth is a complex story of a great and popular king, named Duncan, who is murdered brutally by a horrid, vicious Tyrant called Macbeth, who was considered one of Duncans closest and most loyal friends. This tyrant brings havoc and devastation to the once almighty land of Scotland. Macbeth is an intricate character and has many different personality changes throughout the play. Shakespeare created Macbeth as a character who would capture our imaginationsRead More Literary Techniques in Shakespeares Macbeth Essay1378 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLiterary Techniques in Shakespeares Macbeth Without literary techniques most literature would be colorless. Therefore these techniques are very crucial in producing successful writing. Not only do they create interest, they also help in development of characters, this is especially depicted in the Shakespearean play, Macbeth. The characters developed from the different literary techniques such as irony, paradox, and imagery assist in conveying the many themes throughout the play. InRead MoreMental Insanity In Macbeth And Hamlet By William Shakespeare952 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWilliam Shakespeare uses insanity to contrast characters in his tragedies. Shakespeare often uses stress as a trigger to spiral his characters into this state of mind. ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s tragedies Macbeth and Hamlet both contain characters that experience a great deal of stress and fall into mental unrest. This mental unrest or insanity is a device used by Shakespeare for contrasting imagery of characterization. The contrast of mental illness with mental wellness within these tragedies is shown in multipleRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Macbeth Essay1207 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages 2015 Macbeth Research Paper When studying literature or reading a play, our attention is drawn to the protagonist or antagonist. Shakespeare directs our attention onto heroism, which can be seen across all of his plays like Macbeth or Julius Caesar. The protagonists Macbeth and Banquo conquer the evils that face them throughout the plot. However, the nature of violence that takes place throughout ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s plays is in relation toÃ¢â¬Å"the source of the killing of the soulÃ¢â¬ (Macbeth and the
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Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Emerging in the early 1980s, HIV/AIDS was an unknown disease that spread rapidly throughout the United States. In the beginning not much information was found due to this being a very new disease with a completely unknown background. As decades passed, research has increased as well as the number of cases of people reporting that they are infected. Being that 1 out of every 4 people are infected with HIV/AIDS, this disease has had such an immense impact socially, domestically, as well as politically. Due to this increase in cases, the United States Congress passed the CARE Act (Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency Act). Named after a young AIDS activist, Ryan White, the CARE Act helps primarily fund health care and support services forÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦While the revision does bring up noticeable and optimistic changes such as the act also being applied to people who are HIV-positive, as well as funds being distributed across the country to rural and urban areas, rebutt als still arise and some senators still oppose this revision. While both sides of the divided senators bring up great points, the question is whether the act should remain the same or should the revision be passed and help contribute to those who are suffering from this dire disease. Being divided on a controversial topic, Senator Mike Enzi, Mary Bono, Nathan Deal, Joe Barton, and Mark Souder are all in favor to pass this revision and move on to continue this battle against HIV/AIDS. All the honorable representatives bring up very interesting point of views on why this reauthorization should be passed. Senator Mike Enzi brings up the point that it is shameful to not include people who are HIV-positive under this act. Doing so will help further contribute to the assistance needed to people who are suffering and canÃ¢â¬â¢t afford the proper treatment to help battle both HIV and AIDS. Representative Mary Bono also brings up a very good point saying that, Ã¢â¬Å"The CARE Act has for 1 6 years been a cornerstone of the care, treatment, and support services necessary for the lives of people living with HIV and AIDS. It is vitally important to maintain its support and modernize its approach to ensure it
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Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Business and Corporations Law. Answer: Facts In the present situation given, the consumer had bought a car from the supplier and the machinery of the car broke down. The validity of the insertion of an exclusion clause by the supplier which waives off his liability under the Australian law is under dispute in the present case. Issue Whether Linyu would be termed as a consumer under the Australian Consumer Law? Whether the guarantees as provided under the consumer law would have to be adhered to by the supplier in the present situation? Whether there was an unconscionable bargain on behalf of the supplier? Rule The Australian Consumer Law has sought to provide various guarantees which have to be adhered to while the supply of a good or service takes place. Also it mentions regarding the definition of a consumer. According to Section 3 of the Australian Consumer Law, a consumer is a person, whose goods and services are of kinds which are ordinarily bought for using it personally and these could be more than $40,000 (Hobart Community Legal Service Inc., 2013). The consumer law of Australia, under Section 51 states regarding the grant of title. The grant of title refers to the grant of ownership in the goods and therefore in the present situation, it was stated that the grant of the possession of the vehicle was also given. The goods which have been supplied by the supplier should be of a quality that is acceptable. If the goods are of a quality not fit for the purpose for which it was purchased then it will not be held as the good for acceptable quality. In this case, the car had been already run for 7000 kilometers. In the case of Medtel Pty Ltd v Courtney, (2003) 130 FCR 182, it was held that there lies a difference in the expectation of the fitness for a particular purpose of a good that are inexpensive and goods that are very much expensive. Whether the goods purchased meet that standard or not, has to be assessed in accordance to the information that is known at the time of the trials (Dilan, Vivi, Claudio, and Anne, 2015). In yet another case, Nesbit v Porter, (2000) 2NZLR 465, it was stated that the purpose is to be measured according to everything possibly expected out of the purchase (Michaelkeall, 2017). The standards for checking the fulfillment of the purposes should be consonant with the Section 74 D of the Trade Practices Act 1974. If the nature of the goods is not served then the goods are not of the acceptable quality. Section 55 states that the goods which are supplied carry a guarantee as to the fitness of the goods for any particular or a specific purpose for which it has been acquired. S.56 acknowledges that the goods should be related to the description for which these have been supplied (Australian Consumer and Competition Commission, 2017). According to section 57 of the consumer law, the guarantees as to the supply of goods with the help of the sample or model that has been demonstrated should be given along with the supply of the goods. Section 58 mentions the guarantee would be taking the suitable action that is to be taken by the supplier in case any damages arise. The supplier should provide the reasonable facilities for the repair of the goods. These facilities are available for a reasonable period of time after the goods have been supplied. These guarantees as stated above cannot be limited by way of a contract as mentioned in Section 64 as the contract would then be considered as void. Any term of the contract that is mentioned and excludes, modifies or alters the terms of the contract would be void and cannot be enforced (Legal Services Commission of South Australia, 2017). The case, ACCC v Valve Corporation (No 3)  FCA 196, at , was based on consumer law (Thompson, Webb, and Kuti, 2016). It was held that the exclusion of guarantees under the contract by the supplier with the intention of misleading the customer would be void (Brennan, 2014). Under Section 64 A, however, it has been mentioned that one can limit their liability under the contract; however it should be fair and reasonable to do so (Australasian Legal Information Institute, 2017). Section 260 of the Consumer Law states that the failure to comply with the guarantee would be a major failure if the goods which have been supplied are substantially unfit for purpose or if the goods do not confirm to the description given. The unconscionable bargain states that a person indulges into the unfair conduct and incorporates the terms that are not just and these terms are in favor of one party. Also these are not consonant with the equity principle of good conscience (Clarke, 2013). Application On the basis of section 3, Linyu is a consumer as she bought the vehicle for her personal use. The guarantees that have been mentioned above would be applicable in the present case. Section 54 to 58 states regarding the various guarantees that have to be fulfilled if supply of goods takes place. The car which has been sold, in the case given, is not fit for the purpose and not of acceptable quality as the gear box was not in order. In the present situation, the purpose cannot be fulfilled as the car is not fit and has been already run for 7000 kms. At the time of the purchase, this was not known to Linyu. Hence, the supplier would be held liable for the losses occurred. Also, the supplier was duty bound to provide for the facilities to the customer in case of any problem caused due to damaged goods, however this purpose was also not fulfilled. There is a guarantee of the quality of the goods. The goods are said to be of the acceptable quality if they are free from any of the defects, safe and also durable. In the present case, the vehicle is not of an acceptable quality. Its gear box was not in a working condition and already damaged. Also, the goods should be of such description which has been stated by the supplier and therefore this guarantee comes along with the supply made. The goods, as stated, must be consonant with the description otherwise these would not be fit and the supplier would be held liable for the same. This section states that a person, who sells the goods in the trade and commerce, supplies them with the guarantee that the goods would correspond to the sample which has been shown by the supplier at the time of the sale. Also the quality and condition as shown must correspond to the goods supplied. There is unconscionable bargain in the present case as the terms of the contract as incorporated by the supplier were against the good conscience. Also the supplier has majorly failed in the delivering of the goods that are fit for the purpose. There is no good conscience involved in the present dealing. The first case talks about the purpose which is shown at the time of the purchase. The same way when Linyu went to purchase the car, she was told that the car was fit for the purpose however, it was not the case. In the second case cited above it has been mentioned that the purpose should be of every kind that has to be fulfilled and is related to the supply. In the present case the main purpose that is use of the car domestically, could not be fulfilled as the car was unfit for travelling. The third case is related to the present situation as the supplier had misled Linyu by incorporating a term that worked against Linyu and in favor of the supplier (Australian Government, 2015). Conclusion Linyu being a consumer under the present case would be entitled to all the guarantees and remedies that are available to a consumer under the consumer law of Australia. References Australasian Legal Information Institute, 2017. Competition And Consumer Act 2010 - Schedule 2 [Online] https://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/cth/consol_act/caca2010265/sch2.html Accessed on 10 January 2017. Australian Consumer and Competition Commission, 2017. Consumer guarantees [Online] https://www.accc.gov.au/consumers/consumer-rights-guarantees/consumer-guarantees Accessed on 10 January 2017. Australian Government, 2015. The Australian Consumer Law - A framework overview [Online] https://consumerlaw.gov.au/files/2015/06/ACL_framework_overview.pdf Accessed on 10 January 2017. Brennan, T., 2014. The Australian Consumer Law 2010 [Online] https://www.13wentworthselbornechambers.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Brennan-australianconsumerlawbytombrennan.pdf Accessed on 10 January 2017. Clarke, J., 2013. Unconscionable Conduct [Online] https://www.australiancontractlaw.com/law/avoidance-unconscionable.html Accessed on 10 January 2017. Dilan, T., Vivi, T., Claudio, B. and Anne, 2015. Australian Commercial Law, New South Wales: Cambridge University Press, pp. 422-423. Hobart Community Legal Service Inc., 2013. Consumer Guarantees - What you need to know [Online]https://www.hobartlegal.org.au/tasmanian-law-handbook/consumers-money-and-debts/australian-consumer-law/consumer-guarantees-what Accessed on 10 January 2017. Legal Services Commission of South Australia, 2017. Exclusion Clauses and the Australian Consumer Law [Online] https://www.lawhandbook.sa.gov.au/ch10s02s06s01.php Accessed on 10 January 2017. Michaelkeall, 2017. Nesbit vs. Porter [Online] https://www.michaelkeall.com/pdf/Nesbit%20v%20Porter.pdf Accessed on 10 January 2017. Thompson, D., Webb, K. and Kuti, A, 2016. ACL reach broadened as ACCC wins case against Valve Corporation [Online] https://www.claytonutz.com/knowledge/2016/april/acl-reach-broadened-as-accc-wins-case-against-valve-corporation Accessed on 10 January 2017. Business and Corporations Law Question: Discuss about theBusiness and Corporations Law. Answer: 1 (a) Consideration The issue in this case is related with the presence of consideration. The law of contract requires that certain elements should be present in an agreement due to which the promise becomes legally enforceable and a valid contract is created. These elements are offer, acceptance, consideration, intention and capacity of the parties. In the present case, Jane had decided to give his car to Jack without any consideration while in reality; the cost of the car was $25,000. According to the law contract, an agreement can be considered as legally enforceable only if consideration is present on the part of each person entering into the contract. In this context, consideration can be described as the benefit that the parties to the contract get or spread to get under the contract. According to the law contract, past consideration cannot be treated as good consideration (Re McArdle, 1951). In the eyes of law, consideration should be something of value (Thomas v Thomas, 1842). Therefore, every valid contract is required to have consideration. However, in the present case, while Jane had promised to give his car to Jack but no consideration has been supplied by Jack in return of this promise. The effect of this situation is that in this case consideration is not present and therefore, the promise made by Jane cannot be legally enforced by Jack. (b) Elements of Valid Contract As mentioned above, a legally valid contract requires the elements of offer, acceptance and consideration apart from the intention and the capacity of the parties. In the present case, Jane had made an offer to sell her car Jack for $25,000. The market value of this car is also $25,000. Therefore, Jack accepts the offer. Under these circumstances, it can be said that the elements of offer and acceptance are present in this case. Moreover, consideration is also present in this case in the form of $25,000 that Jack had accepted to pay to Jane as the price of the car. Under the law of contract, the notion of consideration is related with the bargain of the contract. It is presumed that in case of a contract, there is an exchange of promises (White v Bluett, 1853). Therefore in case of contract, each party should be a promisor as well as a promisee. Or in other words, each party should receive a benefit under the contract and at the same time it should also suffer a detriment. Considerat ion is the name given to this benefit or detriment (Atiyah, 1986). In this case, a valid consideration is present to support the promise made by Jane and a legally enforceable contract has been created between the parties. (c) Adequacy of Contract In this question, Jane had made an offer to Jack to sell our Lotus Super 7 sports car at a price of $2500 while in reality, the market value of the car was around $25,000. As Jack had accepted the offer, the question arises if a legally enforceable contract has been created between the parties. The basic principle provided by the law contract in this regard is that generally the courts do not going to the question of the adequacy of consideration. As a result of the freedom of contract provided to the parties, it is up to the parties to decide the consideration for the promise given by them. Therefore the only requirement is that the consideration should be something of value in the eyes of law and it is not necessary that the consideration should also be adequate (Re Wragg Ltd., 1897). The consideration can be anything that has been stipulated by the promisor, unless it is not illegal. The consideration should not be illusionary, it should have some value in the eyes of law or in ot her words, it must exist. The leading case in this regard is that of Chappell v Nestle (1960) where the court stated that even empty wrappers of chocolate can be considered as valid consideration. In Chappel v Nestle (1960), the House of Lords confirmed the traditional doctrine of the law of contract. According to this doctrine, it is not essential that the consideration to be adequate and the only requirement is that they should be sufficient consideration present to support the problems. For example in this case, Chappell Co. held the copyright for Rockin Shoes and the records of this song were being offered by Nestl to the persons who sent three wrappers of the milk chocolate bars of the company along with 1s 6d. In this regard, the Copyright Act, 1956 provides that the company will have to pay a royalty of 6.25%. This loyalty is to be paid on ordinary retail selling price of the product. In this context, Nestl claimed that the ordinary retail price of the record amounted to 1s 6d. But Chappell Co. claim that the price of the record was more. Under these circumstances, the question that has to be decided was if the empty wrappers of chocolate bar can also be created as pa rt of the consideration for the records. While deciding decision, it was the opinion of the majority of the House of Lords that although the wrappers did not have any significant economic value and ultimately, Nestl was going to throw away these wrappers, still they amounted to a part of the consideration for the records. Under the common law, it is clearly provided that consideration provided for supporting a promise under the contract needs to be sufficient but it is no necessary that the consideration should also be adequate. As a result, the only requirement is that the consideration should have some value regardless of the fact that it is appropriate or not for the purpose of meeting the return of the agreement. A valid contract is created between the parties. Therefore even if the considerations supplied for the purpose of supporting the promise is not of the same value or equal value under the exchange in the agreement, however the law will consider that the consideration is sufficient if the parties to the agreement have agreed to the exchange. According to the condition of providing legal consideration, it is only required that the parties to the agreement should agree for an exchange of some consideration under the contract. An example in this regard can be given of the case titled White v B luett (1853) where the plaintiff, Bluett sued his father's will for an outstanding debt to his father. It was claimed by the 20 that his father had promised him to give an amount and in return, the plaintiff was asked to stop complaining in the future. However the court stated that such a promise to stop complaining in future cannot be considered as a real consideration. The reason behind this decision of the court was that to stop complaining did not have any economic value. Therefore, tangible consideration should be present to support the promise made in an agreement. Moreover, in view of the freedom of contract that has been provided to the parties by the law, it is up to the parties to decide whether consideration is considered to be adequate by them. It has been left to the parties to decide the adequate consideration for the promise that has been given by them under the agreement. Consequently, generally the courts do not going to the question of the adequacy of consideration. However, the issue of the adequacy of consideration can be relevant where the court is required to decide if the contract is the result of many force fraud or duress. 2.In the present case, the buyer had reluctantly agreed to pay extra US$3 million because otherwise the shipbuilder had threatened to stop the work and on the other hand, the buyer already had a charter for the tanker. Under these circumstances, the issue arises if the extra amount promised by the buyer can be recovered or not. The leading case in this regard is that of Williams v Roffey Bros and Nicholls Contractors) Ltd (1990) in which P had entered into a contract with D to perform some carpentry work for D. However when it was clear that P will not be able to complete the work on time, a promise was made by D to pay extra money to P in order to make sure that the work was completed on time. The reason behind this promise was that D would incur liability to a third party in case the war was not completed on time. Therefore the issue that needs to be decided in this case was if D legally bound to pay the extra amount by applying the principles of consideration under the contract la w. It was stated by the court that in this case D was liable to pay the extra amount promised by him. It was stated by the court that the extra amount can be recovered if A had entered into a contract with B regarding the supply of goods or services and before the completion of the work, B has doubts that A will be able to complete the work on time or not and under the circumstances, B makes a promise to pay additional amount in return of a promise by B that the work will be completed on time and at the same time, due to this promise, B had obtained an advantage or had obviated a disadvantage, including the liability to third-party and the promise made by B was not the result of economic duress or fraud on the part of A, it can be said that the benefit to B can be treated as a good consideration for the promise made by B. This position of law was against the decision given in Stilk v Myrick (1809) where the court stated that the promise made by the master to pay extra money to the rest of the sailors when two sailors have deserted the ship, was not legally enforceable due to the reason that there was no consideration present to support the promise made by the other party. However in Williams v Roffey Bros (1990) the Court has stated that the consideration has been provided due to the benefit that was conferred by the claimant on the defendant by helping them in avoiding the penalty clause that could have been imposed by the third-party (Trebilcock, 1993). In this case, the defendants were building contractors and they had created a contract with a housing association for refurbishing 27 flats. In this contract, there was a penalty clause according to which, the defendants will have to pay damages if the work was not completed on time. On the other hand, the defendants entered into a contract with Williams for doing the carpentry work in these flats at a price of 20,000. However after six months, Williams realized that this price was too low. The defendant also recognize that the price was low and moreover the defendant was also concerned that the work may not be completed on time. Under these circumstances, the defendant made a promise to pay an additional amount of 575 for each flat that was completed on time. But later on, the defendant refused to make these additional payment. In its defense, it was argued by the defendant that no consideration has been provided by the claimant as the claimant was already under a contractual duty t o complete the carpentry work in these flats. However, the decision of the court was that the defendant is legally bound to make the additional payment. The court noted that consideration has been provided in this case in the form of the benefit that was achieved by the defendant as the completion of work on time helped the defendant in avoiding the penalty clause that was present in its contract with the Housing Society. As a result, the defendant was held liable to make the extra payments as promised by it. Thus, it was held that the defendant was legally bound to make the extra payment promised by him. In the present case also, the bar was going to suffer the loss as he already had the charter for the tanker. Under these circumstances, it can be said that the plaintiff can recover the extra amount promised by the other party to complete the ship on time. References Atiyah, P.S. (1986)'Consideration: A Restatement' in Essays on Contract, Oxford University Press Trebilcock, M. J. (1993) The Limits of Freedom of Contract (Harvard University Press, Cambridge Re McArdle (1951) Ch 669 Thomas v Thomas) (1842) 2 QB 85 White v Bluett (1853) 2 WR 75 Re Wragg Ltd  1 Ch 796 Stilk v Myrick  EWHC KB J58 Williams v Roffey Bros and Nicholls Contractors) Ltd (1990) 1 All ER 512 Chappell v Nestle  AC 87
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